There are many questions sent to SSVN on how to handle the wound bleeding, particularly whether to use an antiseptic (alcohol, peroxide) or not?

So this post SSVN provides detailed instructions on how to give first aid (not care or treatment) for each type of bleeding wound.

1. With a large wound causing massive bleeding, the most important priority in first aid is to stop the bleeding to keep the victim’s life. After hemostasis, the victim should be taken to the hospital for treatment, then the doctors will continue to handle the next progression such as infection, stitching wounds, artery, blood transfusineeded.

Therefore, for first aid, our job is to stop the bleeding. If the wound is not too dirty, just give priority to applying pressure to stop the bleeding. Do not apply alcohol or hydrogen peroxide to the wound because alcohol will kill the white blood cells the body produces to fight viruses and bacteria and destroy tissues, making the wound more likely to become infected or take longer to heal.

Trong trường hợp vết thương lớn bị bẩn đất cát nhiều, và xung quanh có nước sạch sẵn thì bạn dùng nước xối nhanh để rửa trôi bụi bẩn rồi tiến hành cầm máu ngay, vẫn ưu tiên cầm máu hơn bạn nhé.

When an accident occurs, physiological saline is rarely available, so you should use clean water to rinse it. Tuy nhiên việc cầm máu là ưu tiên nên các bạn nên luôn luôn trang bị các túi sơ cứu cá nhân, gia đình, văn phòng gồm nhiều loại băng thun, gạc không dính để có sẵn sàng cho việc sơ cấp cứu các sự cố này.

2. For both minor abrasions that don’t bleed a lot and minor injuries that aren’t life-threatening, you have more time to deal with them. At this time, if the wound is soiled with dirt, you should use water or physiological saline to wash the wound. Then using non-stick, sterile gauze in first aid bags to cover the wound and finally paste it with medical tape. Or use medical patches depending on the area of the scratch to limit infection. This is the end of the first first aid part.

If you are concerned, you can use an antiseptic solution that is hydrogen peroxide, used to dot around the outside of the wound (do not pour directly into the wound).

If you are concerned about tetanus bacillus infection as the accident area has a lot of dirt, human or animal feces, or poor sanitation, you should consult a doctor to let you know what to do after the first aid

If you live or travel to a polluted area, especially with activities that have a risk of falling, it is best to get vaccinated against tetanus before and after having an incident. You should still see a doctor for consultation and further treatment.

Note: There is a lot of confusions between first aid, which is what needs to be done immediately when an accident occurs, and treatment handled by doctors.

SSVN only provides first aid instructions to save lives and eliminate danger to the victim’s life when an accident has just occurred, according to the latest updated recommendations of reputable medical organizations in the world.

After that, you need to take the victim to a medical facility to be treated by a doctor on a case-by-case basis.